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9 Point Agreement Nagaland

Almost at the same time as the resistance. On June 29, 1947, the Governor of Assam, Sir Akbar Hyderi, signed a nine-point agreement with the moderate T Sakhria and Aliba Imti, which was almost immediately rejected by Phizo. The hills of Naga, a district of Assam, were reclassified as a state in 1963, with the addition of the Tuensang Tract, which was then part of NEFA. In April of the following year, Jai Prakash Narain, Assam Chief Minister Bimala Prasad Chaliha and Reverend Michael Scott launched a peacekeeping mission and confirmed to the government and the NNC that they had signed an agreement to suspend operations in September. But the NNC/NFG/NFA continued to give in to violence, and after six rounds of talks, the peacekeeping mission was abandoned in 1967 and a massive counterinsurgency operation was launched. And in the midst of these contradictory statements, it is the ordinary people of these three states who find themselves in a soup. Several civil society organizations, student organizations and political parties have made it clear that no matter what, they will not allow an inch of their land to be ceded to Nagalim. The confusion is mainly due to the fact that the details of the “framework agreement” are still far from being public in the closet. Despite the warning, the NNC wasted no time in opposing it and declared full independence for the Naga people on August 14, 1947, the day before India`s independence.

With Hydri`s death in 1948, the deal died. It is not for nothing that many cynically wondered if this was “another deal”. The first agreement in the history of the Naga dates back to the independence of India. On June 27, 1947, the Government of the Indian Dominion and the Naga National Council (NNC) had established political sovereignty the previous year and signed a nine-point agreement. The agreement provided that the Naga Hills under India would exist for a period of 10 years, during which time the NNC could renew the agreement. The preamble to the agreement recognized “the right of the Nagas to develop according to their freely expressed wishes.” In June 1947, the Governor of Assam, Sir Muhammad Muhammad Akbar Hydari, negotiated with the NNC on behalf of the Indian Constituent Assembly and signed a nine-point agreement; The last point of this agreement is the most controversial. 3. The Governor of Nagaland: (a) The President of India shall appoint a Governor of Nagaland, to whom the executive powers of the Government of Nagaland shall be delegated. An agreement recognizing the right to self-determination of the Naga people was concluded in 1948 between the NNC and the Indian government. [5] However, the hardliners led by Phizo gradually expanded their influence over the NNC.

Phizo became the 4th. President of the NNC in October-November 1949 after defeating Vizar Angami of Zakhama village by a margin of one vote. [2] Under his leadership, the NNC tended to seek secession from India. The agreement provided that the Naga Hills in India would exist for a period of 10 years, after which NNC could renew the agreement. And in the midst of these contradictory statements, it is the ordinary people of these three states who are in a soup. Several civil society organizations, students and political parties have made it clear that under no circumstances will they allow an inch of their land to be ceded to Nagalim. To break the deadlock, talks were held in Kohima from 27 to 29 May 1947 between Akbar Hydari, Governor of Assam, and the Naga leaders, leading to the nine-point agreement popularly known as the Akbar-Hydari Agreement. The preamble to the agreement recognized “the right of the Nagas to develop according to their freely expressed wishes,” but clause 9 of the agreement, which read as follows, sparked controversy over its interpretation: it is believed that the details of the framework could be released on December 25, 2017, and the Naga issue, which lasted more than six decades, could finally come to a conclusion. But at this point, nothing can be said with certainty. To break the deadlock, talks were held in Kohima from 27 to 29 May 1947 between Akbar Hydari, Governor of Assam, and the Naga leadership, leading to the nine-point agreement commonly known as the Akbar-Hydari Agreement.

The preamble to the agreement recognized “the right of the Nagas to develop according to their freely expressed wishes,” but Article 9 of the agreement, expressed as follows, was controversial as to its interpretation: the preamble to the agreement recognized “the right of the Nagas to develop according to their freely expressed wishes.” It is not for nothing that many cynically wondered if this was “another deal”. The first agreement in the history of the Naga dates back to the independence of India. On June 27, 1947, the Government of the Indian Dominion and the Naga National Council (NNC) had established political sovereignty the previous year and signed a nine-point agreement. (a) By reason of the Naga system, which decides not by majority but only by mutual agreement, and “the Governor of Assam or the representative of the Government of the Indian Union shall have a special responsibility for a period of ten years to ensure proper compliance with this Agreement; At the end of the period, the NNC will be asked if it requires the above agreement to be extended for another period or a new agreement on the future of the Naga people. On November 4, 1947, the Nagas received an ultimatum to form their own parallel government if the Indian government did not implement the Akbar-Hydari Agreement as amended by NNC11 within a month. In July 1948, a delegation from moderate Naga met with Bordoloi to obtain written assurance on the implementation of the Akbar-Hydari Agreement, signed by the Governor and Prime Minister of Assam. 12 That assurance was intended to allay the fears of certain Naga leaders as to the repeal of the provisions of the Akbar-Hydari Agreement by the provision of the draft Constitution. It was explained in detail to the delegation that the draft Constitution was in no way contrary to the agreement. On the contrary, it provided for the mechanism for implementing the agreement. Given the NNC`s previous requests to the governor of Assam, it was clearly expected that after ten years, the Nagas would be able to choose the exact administrative order in the Constitution themselves. They would be free to stay in Assam or join Manipur.13 However, the last paragraph was interpreted differently by NNC and became the genesis of all future convulsions. The preamble to the agreement recognized “the right of the Nagas to develop according to their freely expressed desires” ¦ It is not without reason that many cynically wondered if it was not another “agreement”.

The first agreement in the history of the Naga actually dates back to the time before India`s independence. On June 6, 1947, the Indian Federal Government and the Naga National Council (NNC), created the previous year to defend political sovereignty, signed a nine-point agreement. (3) The Governor of Nagaland: (a) The President of India shall appoint a Governor for Nagaland and he shall be vested with the executive powers of the Government of Nagaland. Its head office will be located in Nagaland. The preamble to the agreement recognised “the right of the Nagas to develop according to their freely expressed wishes” ¦ The NNC asserted that clause 9 of the agreement gave the Nagas the right to full independence after a period of ten years, while the Indian government interpreted the agreement in light of the fact that the Nagas had the freedom to: propose only a revision of the administrative model after ten years. an interpretation unacceptable to the NNC.9. July 1960: Sixteen-point agreement with the Naga People`s Convention The 10-year clause was considered by the NNC as the absolute right to declare independence after 10 years, but the Nagas soon realized that this was an exercise in Legerdemain. The Hydari Agreement, as we have seen, was announced, named after Akbar Hydari, governor of Assam, which was considered by the Nagas to be the first act of treason. There were differences in the wording of the agreement, which was maintained by both parties. NNC leader Angami Zapu Phizo understood that the Indians had no intention of honoring them, and on August 14, 1947, the Nagas declared independence from the British. The NSCN (I-M) reached its peak in the 1990s. It was an insurgent organization like no other: its leaders were educated and highly developed intellectuals, its armed wing was deadly and feared.

It is therefore not surprising that after the conclusion of the cessation of hostilities agreement with the Indian government in 1997, the political uprising throughout the northeast gradually subsided. Mixed criminal gangs remained (with a few exceptions). However, this agreement had some effect and it can be said that it only catalyzed the entire Naga movement. Hydari warned Naga leaders on the night the agreement was signed that if the Naga Hills district refused to join the Indian Union, violence would be used against them. On November 4, 1947, an ultimatum was issued that the Nagas would form their own parallel government if the Indian government did not implement the Akbar-Hydari Agreement as amended by the NNC within a month.11 However, the ultimatum was not executed taking into account the statements made by Gandhi. In July 1948, a delegation from moderate Naga met with Bordoloi to obtain written assurance for the implementation of the Akbar-Hydari Agreement, signed by the Governor and Chief Minister of Assam. 12 That assurance was intended to allay the fears of certain Naga leaders that the provisions of the Akbar-Hydari Agreement would be annulled by the provision of the draft Constitution. It was explained in detail to the delegation that the draft Constitution was in no way contrary to the agreement […].